The relationship between ridge counts and pattern intensities on fingers, palms and soles, and number of pregnancies, number of surviving children, maternal age at birth of first child, and miscarriages was investigated in a rural Polish sample of 273 females. All subjects had completed their reproduction by the time of investigation and the use of contraceptives was negligible. Results show that females with a history of miscarriage have lower mean ridge counts on all fingers and lower pattern intensity on all fingers except V, with statistically significant differences for fingers III and IV. The results also suggest a relationship between the intensity of patterns on fingers II and V and in thenar areas, with the number of pregnancies and/or surviving offspring. The limitations of the present data and a need for more specific investigations are discussed.