OBJECTIVE: To compare stroke patients to control subjects for ability to transfer body weight onto the affected and unaffected leg in standing; to investigate intra-session reliability. DESIGN: Comparative clinical study conducted within a single session. BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of quantitative data about maximum voluntary weight-bearing in patients during rehabilitation following stroke. METHODS: A Kistler force platform was used to quantify maximum amount of body weight transferred to a single limb in the lateral and forward directions during weight-shifting. Twelve control subjects matched by gender and age (median 64 years) were compared to 12 inpatient stroke patients after a median of 37 days post-onset. RESULTS: The median score for control subjects was approximately 95% of body weight to each leg in both directions. In contrast, stroke patients transferred less body weight (P<0.01) to the affected leg (65.5% lateral; 54.9% forward) and also to the unaffected leg (85.0% lateral; 80.1% forward). For the stroke patients, transfer of body weight was more challenging in the forward direction than the lateral direction on the affected leg (P<0.05). Relative to individual differences in the stroke group, error due to the repeated measurement process was low. CONCLUSION: The testing procedure was found to discriminate between stroke patients and control patients and had high retest reliability within a single session.