Further evidence is presented in support of the proposal made previously (Greenwood, K.T. and Luke, R.K.J. (1976) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 454, 285-297) that components of the Escherichia coli enterochelin synthetase system physicaloly associate to form enzyme complexes. Evidence for the existence of three enzyme complexes, designated in order of increasing stability G-D < F-D < F-D-G, has been obtained following gel filtration and chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex. Persistence of the F-D and G-D complexes during chromatography appears to depend on the flow rate of the column. On the basis of complementation with appropriate ent mutants of E. coli, activities corresponding to those of the D, E, F and G components of enterochelin synthetase in E. coli have been detected in cell-extracts of both Salmonella typhimurium and Klebsiella pneumoniae (formerly Aerobacter aerogenes) strains. These are designated D', E', F' and G' activities. Components E' and G' are eluted from Sephadex G-100 in similar fashion to their E. coli counterparts. Peaks of F' and D' activities however, are eluted together at a position corresponding to that of the E. coli F component. We suggest that in S. typhimurium and K. pneumoniae, either a single polypeptide combines the functions of the E. coli F and D components, or that separate F' and D' components form a stable complex and that activity of uncomplexed D' and component was not detected under the conditions used during chromatography and assay.