The potential cellular function of the 53-kDa cytosolic form of PINK1 (PINK1-53) is often overlooked because of its rapid degradation by the proteasome upon its production. Although a number of recent studies have suggested various roles for PINK1-53, how this labile PINK1 species attains an adequate expression level to fulfil these roles remains unclear. Here we demonstrated that PINK1-53 is stabilized in the presence of enhanced Lys-63-linked ubiquitination and identified TRAF6-related NF-κB activation as a novel pathway involved in this. We further showed that a mimetic of PINK1-53 promotes mitophagy but, curiously, in apparently healthy mitochondria. We speculate that this "non-selective" form of mitophagy may potentially help to counteract the build-up of reactive oxygen species in cells undergoing oxidative stress and, as such, represent a cytoprotective response.