Freshwater communities on the Krakatau Islands Academic Article uri icon


  • Three small ponds, one on Sertung and two on Panjang, are the only known permanent freshwater bodies on the Krakatau Islands. Their macroinvertebrates were investigated in 1986. The three ponds differ substantially, each being dominated by different invertebrate groups. Trichoptera and Ephemeroptera are recorded for the Krakatau Islands for the first time.

publication date

  • December 19, 1988