Generation and structure of extremely large clusters in pulsed jets Academic Article uri icon


  • Extremely large xenon clusters with sizes exceeding the predictions of the Hagena scaling law by several orders of magnitude are shown to be produced in pulsed gas jets. The cluster sizes are determined using single-shot single-particle imaging experiments with short-wavelength light pulses from the free-electron laser in Hamburg (FLASH). Scanning the time delay between the pulsed cluster source and the intense femtosecond x-ray pulses first shows a main plateau with size distributions in line with the scaling laws, which is followed by an after-pulse of giant clusters. For the extremely large clusters with radii of several hundred nanometers the x-ray scattering patterns indicate a grainy substructure of the particles, suggesting that they grow by cluster coagulation.


  • Rupp, D
  • Adolph, M
  • Flueckiger, L
  • Gorkhover, T
  • Müller, JP
  • Müller, M
  • Sauppe, M
  • Wolter, D
  • Schorb, S
  • Treusch, R
  • Bostedt, C
  • Möller, T

publication date

  • 2014